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Two-directional university knowledge transfer
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Two-directional university knowledge transfer

The traditional view is that universities must transfer their knowledge in order to foster innovation. This is a one-way direction. My argument is that a two-dimensional view is needed, acknowledging that economic and societal actors engagement with universities’ knowledge production is equally crucial. “How can we encourage the commitment of universities to knowledge transfer?” This was the main … Continue reading

Smart Specialisation Strategies for Learning Regions
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Smart Specialisation Strategies for Learning Regions

Is transnational learning across regions possible, and how to best foster that? This was the leading question of a seminar organized in Brussels in April by Smartspec, a research project with a consortium of academics, experts and regional policy-makers. Regions in Europe are putting up Smart Specialisation Strategies (S3) following the new EU agenda for … Continue reading

Reforms of national innovation policies in Europe
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Reforms of national innovation policies in Europe

Many European countries have introduced important reforms in their innovation policies since the year 2000. Countries with traditionally “mission-oriented” policies have introduced many new “diffusion-oriented” instruments, and vice-versa. Are we witnessing a trend towards convergence of innovation policies, and ultimately of innovation systems? The answer is very simple, and yet quite complex. Simply put the … Continue reading