Learning about problem-oriented innovation
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Learning about problem-oriented innovation

How to design research and innovation policies in order to address grand social challenges? What new types of policy instruments are needed? What new combinations of old and new approaches? What is the real transformative capacity of research and innovation actors? And what are the organizational dynamics and dilemmas that are associated to this new … Continue reading

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What knowledge competences are important for innovation?
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What knowledge competences are important for innovation?

This is a crucial question when designing any innovation policy, yet a very difficult one to answer. There is a broad acknowledgment that education, training and skills are important for the economic and social advancement of any society, here including innovation performance. However the lack of conceptual clarity in the academic literature on these matters … Continue reading

Coping with Brain Drain
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Coping with Brain Drain

How are governments addressing the problem of brain drain when designing innovation policy? To be sure, “brain drain” is the situation where a country suffers a net loss of highly-skilled labour force during an extended period of time. Highly-skilled labour force includes those with high education levels, highly specialised skills, and research abilities. It naturally includes scientists … Continue reading